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Measuring Cross-Cultural Supernatural Beliefs with Self- and Peer-Reports. Research data from the Croatian sample.

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Researchers

Name
Bluemke, Matthias
Jong, Jonathan
Grevenstein, Dennis
Miklouić, Igor
Halberstadt, Jamin

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Dataset Information

Title Measuring Cross-Cultural Supernatural Beliefs with Self- and Peer-Reports. Research data from the Croatian sample.
Original Title Measuring Cross-Cultural Supernatural Beliefs with Self- and Peer-Reports. Research data from the Croatian sample.
Citation Bluemke, M., Jong, J., Grevenstein, D., Miklouić, I., & Halberstadt, J. (2016). Measuring Cross-Cultural Supernatural Beliefs with Self- and Peer-Reports. Research data from the Croatian sample. (Version 1) [Files on CD-ROM]. Trier: Center for Research Data in Psychology: PsychData of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information ZPID. https://doi.org/10.5160/psychdata.bems99me29
Language of variable documentation English
Responsible for Data Collection Bluemke, Matthias; Jong, Jonathan; Miklouić, Igor & Halberstadt, Jamin
Data Collection Completion Date 2013
Dataset Publication 2016
Dataset ID bems99me29
Study Description Despite claims about the universality of religious belief, whether religiosity scales have the same meaning when administered inter-subjectively or translated and applied cross-culturally is currently unknown. Using the recent Supernatural Belief Scale (SBS), we present a primer on how to verify the strong assumptions of measurement invariance required in research on religion. A comparison of two independent samples, Croatians and New Zealanders, showed that, despite a sophisticated psychometric model, measurement invariance could be demonstrated for the SBS except for two noninvariant intercepts. We present a new approach for inspecting measurement invariance across self- and peer-reports as two dependent samples. Although supernatural beliefs may be hard to observe in others, the measurement model was fully invariant for Croatians and their nominated peers. The results not only establish, for the first time, a valid measure of religious supernatural belief across two groups of different language and culture, but also demonstrate a general invariance test for distinguishable dyad members nested within the same targets. More effort needs to be made to design and validate cross-culturally applicable measures of religiosity.
Hypotheses -
Keyphrase supernatural belief scale; measurement invariance; Croatians vs New Zealanders; self vs peer reports; sample of 642 croatians; research data
Funding Partly supported by the Marsden Fund (13-UOO-224), administered by the Royal Society of New Zealand, granted to J. Halberstadt; German Research Foundation (DFG) and Ruprecht-Karls-Univeritt Heidelberg within the funding programme Open Access Publishing
Rating -

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PSYNDEX Classification and Controlled Terms

Classification Personality Scales & Inventories
Religion
Controlled Terms Religious Beliefs
Religion
Spirituality
Self-Report
Peer Evaluation
Cross Cultural Differences
Psychometrics

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Research Method Description

Research Method Description Questionnaire Data
Classification of Data Collection Fully Standardized Survey Instrument (provides question formulation and answer options)
Research Instrument Supernatural Belief Scale (SBS). The SBS is a 10-item scale intended to measure cross-culturally recurring supernatural entities such as belief in high-order agents (God), low-order agents (angels), spiritual world (souls), afterlife conceptions (heaven), inexplicable events (miracles) and spiritual intermediaries (prophets); the present investigation focused on a Croatian translation of the original English SBS created in New Zealand (Jong, Bluemke, & Halberstadt, 2013).
Data Collection Method Data collection in the presence of an experimenter
-Individual Administration
-Paper and Pencil
Data collection in the absence of an experimenter
-Other: Paper & Pencil (sealed enveloped)
Time Points single measurement
Survey Time Period -
Characteristics -
Population Croatian college students and relatives, friends, peers
Experimental Pool Individuals
Sample Convenience sample
Subject Recruitment -
Sample Size 642 individuals
Return/Drop Out -
Gender Distribution 69% female subjects (n=443)
29.6% male subjects (n=190)
1.4% missing values (undetermined) (n=9)
Age Distribution 18-50 years
Special Groups -
Country Croatia
Region -
City -
Variables Subject ID
Demographic variables
Supernatural belief scale self-rating
Supernatural belief scale peer-rating

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Data Status

Data Status Data Set Excerpt
Original Records Questionnaire filled out by either the subject or the peer containing closed and/or open answers
Transformation Data from the subjects were coded and then immediately transferred into a machine-readable form.

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Description of the Provided Data

Description Research data file
File Name bems99me29_fd.txt
Data Content 642 individuals, 30 variables
Data Points 642*30= 19260 data points
Variables Participant number (1), sex (1), age (1), religion (1) importance of religion (1), items of the supernatural belief scale - self report (10), frequency attending the holy mass (1), frequency attending holy communion (1), frequency prayers (1), religion - peer report (1), items of the supernatural belief scale - peer report (10), relation to peer (1)
MD5 Hash 2f7455c2bfa5a73af85d8ad4a982a50e
  

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Description of Additional Materials

Description File Name
Codebook of the research data file bems99me29_fd.txt bems99me29_kb.txt

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Publications Directly Related to the Dataset

Publications Directly Related to the Dataset
Bluemke, M., Jong, J., Grevenstein, D., Miklouić, I., & Halberstadt, J. (2016). Measuring cross-cultural supernatural beliefs with self- and peer-reports. 11(10): e0164291. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164291

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Utilized Test Methods

Utilized Test Methods
Jong, J., Bluemke, M., & Halberstadt, J. (2013). Fear of death and supernatural beliefs: Developing a new Supernatural Belief Scale to test the relationship. European Journal of Personality, 27, 495-506. doi: 10.1002/per.1898Datensatz 0270063

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Phone: +49 (0)651 201-2062
Fax: +49 (0)651 201-2071


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